Category "India"


  1. India States and Capitals List

India States and Capitals: India is a vast and diverse country, with 28 states and 8 Union territories. Each state is unique in terms of culture, language, and cuisine, and has its own capital city. In this blog, we will take a closer look at each state and its capital, highlighting some of the interesting facts and features that make each one special.

a list of all the states in India and their respective capitals:

  1. Andhra Pradesh – Amaravati
  2. Arunachal Pradesh – Itanagar
  3. Assam – Dispur
  4. Bihar – Patna
  5. Chhattisgarh – Raipur
  6. Goa – Panaji
  7. Gujarat – Gandhinagar
  8. Haryana – Chandigarh
  9. Himachal Pradesh – Shimla
  10. Jharkhand – Ranchi
  11. Karnataka – Bengaluru
  12. Kerala – Thiruvananthapuram
  13. Madhya Pradesh – Bhopal
  14. Maharashtra – Mumbai
  15. Manipur – Imphal
  16. Meghalaya – Shillong
  17. Mizoram – Aizawl
  18. Nagaland – Kohima
  19. Odisha – Bhubaneswar
  20. Punjab – Chandigarh
  21. Rajasthan – Jaipur
  22. Sikkim – Gangtok
  23. Tamil Nadu – Chennai
  24. Telangana – Hyderabad
  25. Tripura – Agartala
  26. Uttar Pradesh – Lucknow
  27. Uttarakhand – Dehradun
  28. West Bengal – Kolkata

In addition to the states, India also has 8 Union territories, each with its own capital:

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands – Port Blair
  2. Chandigarh – Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu – Daman
  4. Lakshadweep – Kavaratti
  5. Delhi – New Delhi
  6. Puducherry – Pondicherry
  7. Jammu and Kashmir – Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)
  8. Ladakh – Leh

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Each state and union territory has its own unique history, culture, and traditions. The states are further divided into districts, which are administered by elected representatives and government officials.

India’s rich diversity can be seen in the varied cuisines, languages, and customs that are prevalent across the country. The states and union territories of India are a reflection of this diversity and play a crucial role in shaping the country’s social, economic, and political landscape

India administrative map

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Prime Ministers of India

Here is a list of all the Prime Ministers of India in chronological order:

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964)
  2. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964-1966)
  3. Indira Gandhi (1966-1977)
  4. Morarji Desai (1977-1979)
  5. Charan Singh (1979-1980)
  6. Indira Gandhi (1980-1984)
  7. Rajiv Gandhi (1984-1989)
  8. V.P. Singh (1989-1990)
  9. Chandra Shekhar (1990-1991)
  10. P.V. Narasimha Rao (1991-1996)
  11. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1996)
  12. H.D. Deve Gowda (1996-1997)
  13. Inder Kumar Gujral (1997-1998)
  14. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1998-2004)
  15. Dr. Manmohan Singh (2004-2014)
  16. Narendra Modi (2014-present)

Note: This list includes all the individuals who have held the position of Prime Minister of India since the country’s independence in 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India, and Narendra Modi is the current Prime Minister

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Father of Nation, Mahatma Gandhi

Father Of Nation – Unleashing the Timeless Wisdom of Mahatma Gandhi: Discovering the Man Behind the Legend

Father Of Nation: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, is widely considered to be the Father of the Indian Nation. He was an Indian independence activist, political leader, and social reformer who played a crucial role in India’s struggle for freedom from British colonial rule.

Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a coastal town in the present-day Indian state of Gujarat. He studied law in England and then moved to South Africa, where he lived and worked for over two decades, fighting for the rights of Indian immigrants and other marginalized communities. Gandhi’s experiences in South Africa shaped his views on racism, discrimination, and social injustice, and they laid the foundation for his future work in India.

Gandhi returned to India in 1915, and he soon became a prominent leader in the Indian National Congress, a political party that was fighting for India’s independence from British rule. He advocated for non-violent civil disobedience as a means of achieving independence, and he led several campaigns and protests, including the Salt Satyagraha, the Quit India Movement, and the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence, or ahimsa, was central to his work as an activist and social reformer. He believed that non-violence was the most effective means of achieving social and political change, and he used this philosophy to fight against oppression, discrimination, and injustice. Gandhi’s belief in the power of non-violence influenced countless other activists and leaders around the world, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.

Throughout his life, Gandhi emphasized the importance of self-discipline, self-reliance, and personal responsibility. He believed that individuals had a duty to work towards the betterment of society and to uphold the values of truth, justice, and equality. Gandhi’s emphasis on individual responsibility and self-improvement continues to be relevant today, as people around the world strive to make positive changes in their communities and in the world.

Gandhi’s influence extended far beyond India, and he was recognized as a global leader and advocate for peace and human rights. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times, and he received the honor in 1948, the year of his assassination. Gandhi’s ideas and teachings continue to inspire people around the world, and his legacy is celebrated in India and beyond.

In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most important figures in Indian history, and his contributions to the country’s independence movement and to the global fight for peace and justice cannot be overstated. His commitment to non-violence, his devotion to social justice and equality, and his unwavering faith in the power of the people continue to inspire generations of Indians and people around the world. Gandhi’s legacy is a reminder of the importance of personal responsibility, self-discipline, and the pursuit of truth and justice in the quest for a better world.


Indian National Anthem Lyrics

The Indian National Anthem is a proud symbol of India’s unity and diversity. It is composed of five stanzas, each with its own unique meaning. The anthem is a source of national pride and patriotism for Indians all over the world. It was written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and officially adopted in 1950 after India gained independence from British rule. The anthem is a reminder of the struggles that Indians faced to gain their freedom and serves as an inspiration for generations to come.

The lyrics of the Indian National Anthem as follows:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he






Tava shubha name jage, 

Tava shubha asisa mage, 

Gahe tava jaya gatha, 

Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he 


Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he! 

History Of Indian National Anthem

The Indian National Anthem, “Jana Gana Mana,” was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. It was first performed at a session of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta in December of that year. The song was later translated into Hindi by Abid Ali.

The anthem quickly gained popularity among the Indian people and was commonly sung at political and cultural events. It was even adopted by the Indian National Army during the struggle for independence from British colonial rule.

In 1947, when India gained independence, “Jana Gana Mana” was officially adopted as the national anthem of India. The government of India issued guidelines for the correct version to be sung and also designated February 27th as National Anthem Day.

Despite its popularity, the anthem has been surrounded by controversy over the years. Some critics have argued that it is too difficult to sing and that the lyrics are too complex. Others feel that the song’s inclusion of religious references goes against the secular nature of the Indian state.

Despite these criticisms, “Jana Gana Mana” remains an important symbol of the Indian nation and its struggle for independence. It is regularly played at official government ceremonies and cultural events, and is a source of pride for the people of India.

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